Indonesian Journal of Cultural and Community Development (IJCCD) is a peer-reviewed journal published by Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo three times a year. This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. The scope of this journal is appropriate subjects including, but not limited to, the knowledge of the rural, urban, culture, heritage, and community development.